Permalinks are the permanent URLs to your individual weblog posts, as well as categories and other lists of weblog postings. A permalink is what another weblogger will use to refer to your article (or section), or how you might send a link to your story in an e-mail message.
By default, WordPress permalinks will look like this: http://yourdomain.com/index.php?p=1. The “p=1” part of this example URL refers to a blog post (“p”) with an ID of “1”. Some of you more advanced Padawans may recognize this ID from the original Hello World! post that came fresh with WordPress when you first installed it.
If you want your permalink URLs to look something more like this:
then you want are called pretty permalinks, for obvious reasons.
You can enable pretty permalinks by logging into your WordPress Admin Dashboard and update your permalink structure.
- Go to Options -> Permalinks
- Select which permalinking option you prefer
- Click ‘Update Permalink Structure’
You can read more about permalinks in the WordPress Codex.